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It can be defined as a breach into something that is accepted as a standard practice or application, and are challenged. The act of transgression is viewed negatively as it implies unaccepted bad behavior due to the provocative nature of transgression. However, by thinking and acting different, it can be seen as a positive change that is yet to be accepted; an act of creativity and modernization.

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The nature of the behavior itself cannot be referred as good or bad as the outcome of this change cannot be judged pre-hand. Some of these actions may be accepted into the society sooner than the others, but that does not change the nature of the act. Only the perception of it and their views of the subject matter have evolved as per mentioned by Sara R.

Therefore transgression can be considered as a state of transformation that leads to progression in the long term; a state of notion which keeps changing and progressing with time. This constant alter allows the society to question the cultural norms and values of their upbringing through the consideration of possibilities.

bell hooks: Teaching to Transgress – Education as the Practice of Freedom

Hence, transgression can be reconsidered as less of a boundary line since it is in a constant state of movement. The subject of transgression was chosen as the topic for research and exploration as a continued learning process to the main module of interior design, that is, design studio. Spaces such semi-public and semi-private areas are being planned for various projects related to residential, hospitality, retail and others, if not an absolute open layout.

This style or trend of designing can now be seen even in the residences of the Middle East region where the dominant Muslim culture originally had traditions of total segregation between the male and female spaces. This awareness led to a profound interest in further exploring the subject matter of the key ideologies transgression and the relationship it holds between space, place and gender. Considering the key ideas of transgression and its link to other factors, this review will discuss available literatures within contributory contexts related to the concept, its perception, and the connection between body, space, place and gender allied with that of the Middle East region.

The Perception of Mind This section of the review investigates the notion of transgression and boundaries in social contemplation. This concept originates from an idea that can be transgressed which in our perception is, a structural boundary clearly marked and is off limits.

Transgression (Key Ideas)

Hence, our mind recognizes and understands this as a territory that is impossible to cross into or enter that particular part of the space. We tend to restrict ourselves and our thoughts due to this perception that is instilled within us by the constitution of the society; though the way each individual analyzes these boundaries and limits vary.

Boundaries are virtual conceptualizations of transgression in our mind; we see it as we perceive it, so to say. The boundary between body and space in relation to an interior space has been discussed in the journal by Sara R. One of them was a project conducted by Nora Wendl in which she studies and examines the famous innovative Glass House designed by the well-known architect, Mies van der Rohe for Dr Edith Farnsworth. Wendl collected the photographs of the house from the client, projected these onto an interior space and recorded her personal experiences as poetry. The architecture of the house itself is striking in its design as it is entirely made of glass, with no walls or partitions allowing absolute transparency of the environment and into the residence.

There are areas within a residential space that require privacy which the glass house did not provide.

Transgression, Key Ideas by Chris Jenks | | Booktopia

Hence, we can see that residential designs have been attempting on breaking the law and crossing the boundary; though in this particular case, whether this so-called progression was positive or negative is a debatable topic in itself. The projection of Wendl allowed her to locate herself within that perceived space through the lens of another. Perception of mind in terms of design and, while occupying and establishing a relation between body and space, we can see, is vital as the thought acknowledges and precedes a transgressive act; an act of uncertainty.

Soja, E. Thirdspace discusses and opens new possibilities, ideas and meanings. It challenges the readers to think differently about spatiality of human life and the significance of space, and also its historicality and sociality. These factors of life are intertwined and interdependent which makes the Thirdspace transdisciplinary in nature. Soja E. As explored in depth, there is a constant shift or change occurring in relation to place and time; leaving scope for new margins with cultures.

Hence, as we can see now, cultures have evolved with time considering the global communities and post-modern era. The Middle East region, especially the United Arab Emirates UAE has progressed successfully in the past decade, with the recent few years of rapid growth and shift in the economy. UAE is known for its growth through the service sectors such as retail and hospitality.

Luxury living, maximum consumption of goods and skyscrapers have become common regular lifestyle which attracts people from different cultures and hence UAE has progressed to a global multi-cultured society. The local culture of UAE, that is the Arab culture and traditions can still be seen among the Muslim community though their lifestyle of living has changed tremendously with the transgression this country has undergone over time.

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The lifestyle of the local group of people is deeply connected and rooted to the traditions and beliefs of their religion, Islam. Originally, their houses had complete segregation of spaces on the basis of gender. Women had allotted areas of their own where they used to spend most of their while and were not allowed to be in the male-dominant areas of the house. In recent years, as contemporary modern architecture has been trending, the Muslim community has also started to be radically open about such design styles and it can be seen that many of them live in semi-open spaces.

Though the research paper by Moosavi L. Hence, by reviewing the academic articles we can understand that the notion of transgression also implies to cultural identities, though this act of transgressing is a good or bad force cannot be concluded as it depends on individual perceptions and views of the scenario.

Thus, the cycle continues. Jains believe that for complete liberation, not only the "sinful karma" but even the "meritorious karma" needs to be shed off. This means that a jiva can truly attain moksha only if the soul is completely and absolutely pure and devoid of any accumulation. For instance, sins may cause the jiva to be reborn in naraka hell and merits may cause it to be reborn in heaven.

But heaven, like hell, is a part of worldly cycle of reincarnation and not supreme moksha of the soul. Thus, if a person hypothetically keeps performing only and exclusively good deeds in his life, he may still not attain moksha , because he has not yet shed off previously accumulated sins through repentance and knowledge. Jains believe that only a human jiva has the capacity and the will to attain moksha. Hence the jiva should use this extremely rare opportunity of being born as a human to walk on the path that brings him closer to moksha.

In fact, Jains take the concept of avoiding sin so seriously that not only are they completely vegetarian but some devout Jains also abstain from eating underground grown food like potatoes, onions, etc. Most of the Jains are also non-alcoholics and eat before sunset each day. Judaism regards the violation of any of the commandments as a sin.

Judaism teaches that to sin is a part of life, since there is no perfect man and everyone has an inclination to do evil "from his youth". Some sins are punishable with death by the court, others with death by heaven, others with lashes, and others without such punishment, but no sins committed with willful intentions go without consequence. Sins committed out of lack of knowledge are not considered sins, since a sin can't be a sin if the one who did it didn't know it was wrong. Unintentional sins are considered less severe sins.

Sins between people are considered much more severe in Judaism than sins between man and God. Yom Kippur , the main day of repentance in Judaism, can atone for sins between man and God, but not for sins between man and his fellow, that is until he has appeased his friend. When the Temple yet stood in Jerusalem, people would offer Karbanot sacrifices for their misdeeds.

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The atoning aspect of karbanot is carefully circumscribed. For the most part, karbanot only expiate unintentional sins, that is, sins committed because a person forgot that this thing was a sin or by mistake. No atonement is needed for violations committed under duress or through lack of knowledge, and for the most part, karbanot cannot atone for a malicious, deliberate sin.

In addition, karbanot have no expiating effect unless the person making the offering sincerely repents of his or her actions before making the offering, and makes restitution to any person who was harmed by the violation. Judaism teaches that all willful sin has consequences. The completely righteous suffer for their sins by humiliation, poverty, and suffering that God sends them in this world and receive their reward in the world to come. The in-between not completely righteous or completely wicked , suffer for and repent their sins after death and thereafter join the righteous.

The very evil do not repent even at the gates of hell. Such people prosper in this world to receive their reward for any good deed, but cannot be cleansed by and hence cannot leave gehinnom , because they do not or cannot repent. This world can therefore seem unjust where the righteous suffer, while the wicked prosper. Many great thinkers have contemplated this. Evil deeds fall into two categories in Shinto : amatsu tsumi , "the most pernicious crimes of all", and kunitsu tsumi , "more commonly called misdemeanors".

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This page is about the religious concept. For the trigonometric function commonly written as sin, see Sine. For other uses, see Sin disambiguation , Sinful disambiguation , and Sinners disambiguation. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages.

This article includes a list of references , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. This article's lead section does not adequately summarize key points of its contents.

Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of all important aspects of the article. Please discuss this issue on the article's talk page. November This article uncritically uses texts from within a religion or faith system without referring to secondary sources that critically analyze them. Please help improve this article by adding references to reliable secondary sources , with multiple points of view. November Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Buddhist views on sin. Main articles: Hamartiology and Christian views on sin.

See also: Christian views on the Old Covenant and Seven deadly sins. Main article: Islamic views on sin. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 28 August Oxford English Dictionary. Retrieved 16 September The Gnostic Gospels. Vintage Books: New York, Augustine eventually after the Pelagian controversy defined sin as a hardened heart, a loss of love for God, a disposition of the heart to depart from God because of inordinate self-love see Augustine On Grace and Free Will in Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers , trans. Holmes, vol. Wisdom Publications. New World Library. Buddha Dharma Education Association.

Retrieved 13 May New Series 9. Encyclopaedia of the Hindu World. Concept Publishing Company. Frost, "Sin and Grace", in Paul L. Genesis to Revelation. Retrieved 24 June Original sin.